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Egypt has captured the hearts of many. It is an incredible country to visit at least once in your lifetime. Surrounded by the mighty Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, Egypt boasts about its rich history and culture. You will find amazing things to do in Egypt from visiting extraordinary pyramids, world-renowned museums, exploring rich archeological sites packed with ruins, hot sandy deserts, pristine beaches to cruising and diving in the Red sea. I guarantee, you will be able to tick off a lot of the boxes in your bucket list after visiting Egypt. So, here’s my list of the top 10 things to do in Egypt to make the most of your vacation there. 


Visit the great Pyramids of Giza

 The awe-inspiring pyramids are a must-see when in Egypt. You just cannot miss the only remnant wonder of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World in the capital city of Cairo at any cost. You get to explore these almost 4000 year old astonishing yet mysterious structures on the Giza Plateau from the smallest Menkaure, second largest Khafre to the largest and the oldest of them all, The Great Pyramid of Giza, also popularly known as the Pyramid of Khufu or Pyramid of Cheops, standing majestically at 146 meters. You will be amazed by these architectural masterpieces without a doubt. Don’t miss out to check out the Great Sphinx of Giza, a stunning sculpture of a human with a lion body carved out from a single limestone and the Solar Boat Museum during your visit to the pyramids. You can get to the premises on camelback or on foot, either way you will enjoy the whole experience.


Marvel at more pyramids at Saqqara and Dahshur

 If you cannot get enough of pyramids, you should definitely make a visit to Saqqara and Dahshur where you will get more pyramids. It is believed that Saqqara served as a necropolis for the city of Memphis and you will come across the Pyramid of Djoser, famously known as the Step Pyramid in Saqqara about 30 km from Cairo. In contrast to the Pyramids of Giza, The Step Pyramid, first ever colossal stone-cut monument is constructed incorporating a stepped-style. Spare some time exploring Mastaba of Ti, its admirable tomb paintings and the surroundings of Saqqara. 

A visit to Saqqara should be coupled with a visit to Dahshur too. This is where you will find more architectural wonders, such as the Red Pyramid and Bent Pyramid. Dating back to 2590 BCE, the Red Pyramid is believed to be the first successful attempt of building a smooth-sided pyramid. If you are really up for a mysterious adventure, go through narrow tunnel-like passageways to explore the ancient chambers inside the pyramid. It will surely be a thrilling adventure. Very close to the Red Pyramid, you will find the Bent Pyramid showcasing a failed attempt of pyramid construction. You will really get a feel of the high level of skill the Egyptians had for pyramid construction and how they have mastered the skill over time looking at the two pyramids in Dahshur.


Browse through the ancient treasures at the Egyptian Museum

 It is a must to visit the Egyptian Museum while in Egypt. Whether you are a history buff or not, you will not be disappointed. Located in Cairo, Egyptian museum is a top-notch world renowned museum housing a vast collection of treasures of the Pharaohs from majestic statues, magnificent stone sculptures to mysterious art, mummies, stunning pieces of jewelry and many more. You will get to browse through more than 100,000 exhibits within the premises spread across more than 100 galleries. Do not miss to check out the sarcophagi and the spectacular Gold Mask of Tutankhamun, the star highlights of the museum. You will get to learn quite a lot about Egyptian history and above all, get a feel of what the Pharaoh world was like back in the day.


Go sightseeing on a Nile River Cruise

There is no better way of sightseeing in Egypt than cruising on the Nile River. You will get to admire glorious temples, tombs and monuments along the way between Luxor and Aswan, as most of the cruises either depart from Luxor and Aswan. You can pick the cruise of your choice from traditional steamships to luxurious ones with swimming pools and spas depending on your budget. If you want to take everything slower, hop onto a felucca, a traditional Egyptian wooden sailboat and you will not regret the experience. With feluccas departing from Aswan, you can sign up for multi-day trips. Make sure to get a good view of the Edfu’s Temple of Horus and Temple of Kom Ombo when the cruise ships make stops. You will love the vibe and the whole experience without a doubt.


Go diving in Sharm El Sheikh to explore the beautiful marine life

Sharm El Sheikh is a diver’s paradise and any diving enthusiast shouldn’t miss the incredible diving sites in Sharm El Sheikh during your visit to Egypt. At Ras Mohammed National Park you get to explore the exotic coral reefs and vibrant marine life. For more underwater exploration go to Yolanda Reef where you get more colorful corals and the Yolanda Wreck and to Shark Reef where you get to witness a wide variety of marine life from turtles, sharks to crocodile fish and many more. Blue Hole is also insanely famous for diving due to its spectacular coral reefs, but take extra precautions and stick to your limits as deaths have been reported previously.

If you are up for a more exciting diving adventure, go to explore some of the world’s top shipwrecks. If you are an advanced diver, a dive to the Thistlegorm Wreck will amaze you with its remnants including weaponry and motorbikes lying 30 ft underwater and a dive to the Dunraven Wreck will let you discover the remnants of a ship which had sunk in 1876. 

You shouldn’t be worried even if you are not a diving expert as there are so many good snorkeling spots too. First-timers can visit Ras Um Sid Beach and others can approach Gardens Reef for some good snorkeling. 


Visit the White Desert National Park

Located towards the west of Egypt, you will come across the White Desert National Park, a unique landscape with white chalk-like rock formations scattered here and there believed to be formed by the sand and winds of the Sahara desert. You will be mesmerized by the extraordinary formations and if you get a chance to witness the park at sunrise or sunset, you are a lucky traveler! You are unlikely to find anything like this anywhere, so make the most of your time there.


Hike to the summit of Mount Sinai

 You simply cannot miss the holy mountain when in Egypt. Located on the Sinai Peninsula, Mount Sinai is a popular Christian pilgrimage spot. It is believed to be where God gave the Ten Commandments to Moses according to the Old Testament. You can hike up to Mount Sinai using two trails; the Camel Trail or the more challenging Steps of Repentance Trail. If you can, reach the summit just before sunrise and you will not regret it. The hike begins at Saint Catherine’s Monastery, a UNESCO World Heritage Site housing religious exhibits and the Burning Bush highlighted in the Old Testament at the foot of Mount Sinai. 


Make a visit to Abu Simbel

 Located on the western bank of Lake Nasser, Abu Simbel’s remarkable twin temples are masterpieces without a doubt. The twin carved rock temples; the Great Temple of Ramesses II dedicated to himself and the smaller temple, Temple of Hathor dedicated to Queen Nefertari, his chief wife were built by Ramesses II over 3000 years ago. You will come across four massive statues guarding the entrance at the Great Temple. As you explore further you will be amazed by the interior of the temples featuring statues and wall paintings. The entire historic site had been relocated to save the temple complex from Aswan Dam’s rising water. 


Visit the Valley of the Kings and the Valley of the Queens to Explore Ancient Tombs

A visit to the Valley of the Kings and the Valley of the Queens, two historically rich archaeological sites is a must when in Egypt. 

 At the Valley of the Kings, over 60 tombs have been discovered, but only a few are open for viewing today. You can take a look at the tombs of Tutankhamun, Ramesses V and Ramesses VI at an additional fee and you will love the spooky experience as you go through corridors and enter the burial chambers for viewing. 

 At the Valley of the Queens, which was once the burial grounds for Pharaohs’ wives, you will come across smaller tombs compared to the grand tombs at Valley of the Kings. The highlight here is the tomb of Queen Nefertari due to its ornate details and the vibrant colors. So, make sure you take a closer look at it without fail during your visit.


Explore Alexandria

 Alexandria, Egypt’s second largest city and home of Cleopatra should not be excluded from your Egyptian itinerary at any cost. The city was also popular for its Lighthouse, which was considered one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. You can explore some of the city’s highlights today including Bibliotheca Alexandrina, Alexandria National Museum and the catacombs of Kom El Shoqafa. You can even dive to discover the Lighthouse and remnants of Cleopatra’s Palace underwater in Alexandria. 


Egypt is a country to admire. Whether you are a history lover, a diver, an adventure seeker or anyone in between, you will find something to be happy about in Egypt. I guarantee, you will have an adventure packed, fun filled stay in Egypt. 

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